This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or responses that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should reveal one thing concerning the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis may phone the legitimacy regarding the arguments for the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation regarding the two texts. In any event, you’ll be producing a vital “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to determine the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it may possibly be useful to develop an overview for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main a few ideas” of this lens text, in the place of coping with remote quotes that will or may possibly not be indicative for the author’s argument all together. As a result, it’s essential to ensure that you certainly comprehend and certainly will articulate the author’s details before continuing towards the target text.

Then, quickly browse the target text to build up a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement between your two texts? Which regarding the lens text’s primary arguments could be reproduced to your target text? It might be more straightforward to concentrate on 1 or 2 associated with the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With your some ideas in your mind, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about listed here concerns: which are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances when you look at the target text? Are there any circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.

Since this form of paper relates to a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is particularly crucial to own a clear strategy before you start composing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere change the arguments when you look at the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper has to do with the complex interactions between numerous texts, it’s important to explain what you would be doing the introduction. custom essay writer help Remember to plainly introduce the lens text as well as its arguments that are specific is supposed to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular certain themes or occasions you will end up handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or sort of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, verify it states the points of discussion you will end up talking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing your body

The human body is when you use particular arguments from the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances within the target text. In each situation, be sure to discuss just just what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or vice versa). Utilize the lens text’s vocabulary and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but ensure that you be clear about where tips into the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the goal text, your personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By doing this particular analysis, you might be “entering an academic discussion” and inserting your very own tips. Since this might be unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show helpful. Inside their guide, they do say, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to aid authors participate in unknown types of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in every ability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.

right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer associated with lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the goal text. Certainly, into the target text, one sees that is______, that could be viewed a good example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Consequently, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

In line with the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. Because of the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text might be considered a case of _______. But, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that composer of the lens text is proper that ________, you might be prepared to see ________ in the goal text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, revealing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This problem is crucial because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control by which you might be composing. Quite simply, that which was the idea of undertaking your analysis into the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I Say. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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